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Carthage was the capital city of the ancient Carthaginian civilization that spread alongside Lake in the city of Tunis. This civilization later evolved into a formidable empire around the Mediterranean region around 1000 BC until it was defeated and demolished by Roman army in 146 BC. All that remains of its glorious times today are the ruins of its superstructures and the ancient city’s layouts. A little further away from the ruins is located Carthage National Museum. It is one of the two main archaeological museums in the region and is home to a remarkable range of archaeological items related to the present city of Tunis.
Bardo National Museum
The Bardo National Museum in Tunis is the second largest museum in North Africa and one of the most significant museums along the Mediterranean coast. It is housed inside a 15th-century royal palace of Hafsid dynasty. This museum is home to a vast collection of artifacts related to the city’s history spanning many centuries and civilizations, none more famous than a remarkable collection of Roman mosaics that date back to the prehistoric era. Other attractions here are period jewelry and other antiquities from Ancient Greece and Islamic period.
Built in 731 AD, Al-Zaytuna Mosque (literally meaning the Mosque of Olive) is the largest and second -oldest mosque in Tunisia. Ahead of being an ornately designed mosque, it is also revered as one of the oldest and finest universities in the history of Islam from where thousands of Muslim scholars have graduated. Al-Zaytuna Mosque is hallmarked by collections of tens of thousands of rare and unique manuscripts related to grammar, logic, cosmology, arithmetic, geometry, minerals and vocational training. It is forbidden for non-Muslims to enter this mosque but they can always walk around its perimeter to appreciate the mosque’s grand tile-work.
The Medina of Tunis
The Medina of Tunis is the Medina quarter of Tunis and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979. It was founded in 698 AD and consists of about 700 historic monuments like palaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasas (Islamic schools) and beautiful fountains that date back to early 12th century. The Medina of Tunis is home to a series of architectural signatures and is focally known for some of the most famous mosques in the city. Some of the famous mosques here include the Al-Zaytuna Mosque, the Kasbah Mosque, the Ksar Mosque and the Youssef Dey Mosque that were built during 8th century and 17th century.